The independence of the country was classed as a Mauritian miracle. Many say that this in part was due to the sugar industry. It is one of the commodities that are important to the trade industry of the island today.
The production of sugar by the island dates back many years. In 1825, during the state reforms, the owners of the sugar factories lobbied for some serious reforms, forcing the colony regime to make these important changes. These were on the provision of better control of the labour supply and the implementation of that regulation. An improvement in the transportation infrastructure was in great need. Also, the owner wanted a research and development programme implemented. When these changes were put in place, it led to the start of the growth of the island.
The Sugar Cane
This was the first plant of importance from 1639 onwards. At that time, the Dutch were primarily using it to make an alcoholic drink. Under the French occupation, the growth of sugar cane was encouraged. New technology was introduced to enhance the growth of the cane, and the operation of the mills. Modern equipment brought in under British rule continued to spur the growth of this industry.
Over time, and due to a change in trade agreements, the sugar cane trade has faltered somewhat. As a result, there are fewer factories now for this, but it still makes up part of the trade industry. Mauritius is staying proactive in broadening its trade opportunities, with the focus on both goods and services. Many experts believe that Mauritius has done well in trade, and is going to continue to grow, and be able to expand their trade industry. Recent talk has been about building trade in gold, which the government is willing to invest in with high expectations.